The Second Lateran Council was held at Rome under Pope Innocent II, with an attendance of about 1000 prelates and the Emperor Conrad. Its object was to put an end to the errors of Arnold of Brescia.Preview This Lesson
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Pope Innocent II summoned the Bishops to meet in Rome on Laetare Sunday or the Fourth Sunday in Lent. This name is based on the Introit of the Mass — Laetare Jerusalem (O be joyful, Jerusalem). The traditional rigors of Lent are relaxed on this day as the faithful look forward to Easter. Laetare Sunday occurred on April 2, in 1139. The Council began on April 3rd or 4th, 1139 and was well attended by nearly 1,000 Patriarchs, Archbishops, Bishops, and other superiors. Theobald, the archbishop of Canterbury was there but with only four Bishops and four Abbots since King Stephen felt he could not spare any more due to the great troubles of his kingdom. The Pope gave the opening address …
You know that Rome is the head of the world, and that from the Roman Pontiff all ecclesiastical honors are received, as though by feudal custom, and that without his permission they cannot be lawfully held. … whatever Peter Leonis [Anacletus II] decreed we annul whomsoever he exalted we degrade, and whomsoever he consecrated we desecrate and depose.
from The Lives of the Popes in the Middle Ages, Volume IX, The Popes at the Height of their Temporal Influence by Horace K. Mann, Part One, AD 1130-1159, pgs. 1315 — 1316 Kindle Edition.
Pope Innocent II stressed the evils of a divided hierarchy — evils which he had personally witnessed and experienced during his eight years of exile from Rome. Yet, it may be argued that this exile also strengthened the Church. Innocent II traveled widely during his exile. After he escaped from Rome, Innocent traveled to Pisa and Genoa and then to France, attracting supporters. St Hugh of Grenoble, a personal friend of Anacletus II, nonetheless ruled in favor of Innocent II. A council at Etampes attended by the Bishops and nobility of France also acknowledged Innocent. Perhaps the most bitter blow for Anacletus II came from Peter the Venerable, abbot of Cluny where Anacletus had once been a novice. Despite this close relationship, Peter also stated that Innocent II was the true Pope. King Louis visited Innocent at the monastery of Fleury in January of 1131, promising him devoted service. King Henry I of England met Innocent at Chartres in the same month, also assuring the Pope of his country’s loyalty. Innocent visited Liege on March 22, 1131 and conferred with King Lothaire, twenty-five Archbishops and Bishops, fifty-three abbots and a large number of the nobility. As we read in the introduction, Pope Innocent II s... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
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