The Fifth Commandment requires us to abhor willful murder, abortion, euthanasia, suicide, fighting, quarreling, scandal, bad example, anger, hatred and revenge. Learn why in this lesson.
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Jesus and the Adulteress
by Paolo Veronese and workshop (1585)
As enumerated by Canon Francis Ripley, the 5th Commandment of our Lord prohibits willful murder, abortion, suicide, fighting, quarreling, scandal, bad example, anger, hatred and revenge Our Lord Himself clarified the Old Testament prohibition against murder in the Sermon on the Mount saying, “You have heard that it was said to them of old: Thou shalt not kill. And whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment. But I say to you, that whosoever is angry with his brother, shall be in danger of the judgment. And whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council. And whosoever shall say, Thou Fool, shall be in danger of hell fire” (Matthew 5:21-22).
The Douay Rheims translation of the Bible clarifies the meaning of “Raca”:
A word expressing great indignation or contempt. Shall be in danger of the council ... That is, shall deserve to be punished by the highest court of judicature, called the Council, or Sanhedrim, consisting of seventy-two persons, where the highest causes were tried and judged, which was at Jerusalem.
Commentary further clarifies the meaning of “Thou Fool”:
This was then looked upon as a heinous injury, when uttered with contempt, spite, or malice: and therefore is here so severely condemned. Shall be in danger of hell fire — literally, according to the Greek, shall deserve to be cast into the Gehenna of fire. Which words our Saviour made use of to express the fire and punishments of hell.
In this way, Our Lord clearly does not dispose of the Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments are never replaced by the Beatitudes, as some falsely believe. As Our Lord said in a few verses before the ones already mentioned: “Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill” (Matthew 5:17) And, in the Sermon on the Mount, Our Lord divinely teaches the perfection of the Commandments. Remember our Lord was the one who proclaimed, “Put up again thy sword into its place: for all that take the sword shall perish with the sword” (Matthew 26:52), which the Church obeyed in a real manner by long forbidding priests to carry swords.
Sermon on the Mount
by Carl Heinrich Bloch
Anger is against the 5th Commandment. Let us listen to the teachings of the patron saint of parish priests, St. John Vianney, on anger.
Anger is an emotion of the soul, whi... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
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