In this lesson, we carefully and objectively study the arguments of a number of religions including Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and others and ask ourselves, whose God actually exists?Preview This Lesson
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So we begin this lesson asking "which god?." Which god is the One True God? As we have seen in the introduction, there are many different religions and many different gods in which they believe. Can there exist more than one god, as some religions assert? Why can't we accept Mother Nature as one god, and another as our "church god"?
Going back to our last lesson and the proofs of Saint Thomas Aquinas, lets zero in on one of his five separate proofs of the existence of God — the fourth:
The fourth way is taken from the gradation to be found in things. Among beings there are some more and some less good, true, noble and the like. But "more" and "less" are predicated of different things, according as they resemble in their different ways something which is the maximum, as a thing is said to be hotter according as it more nearly resembles that which is hottest; so that there is something which is truest, something best, something noblest and, consequently, something which is uttermost being; for those things that are greatest in truth are greatest in being. Now the maximum in any genus is the cause of all in that genus; as fire, which is the maximum heat, is the cause of all hot things. Therefore, there must also be something which is to all beings the cause of their being, goodness, and every other perfection; and this we call God.
Let us consider as well, another proof. Saint Anselm (c. 1033 – 21 April 1109) was a theologian whose aim was to refute "the fool who says in his heart that there is no God" (cf. Psalms 14:1). Several hundred years before Saint Thomas wrote his Summa Theologica, Saint Anselm stated a proof that seemed amazingly simple, at least at first glance. Here, then, for your consideration is Saint Anselm's ontological proof:
Saint Anselm's Proof of God
"Therefore, Lord, who grant understanding to faith, grant me that, in so far as you know it beneficial, I understand that you are as we believe and you are that which we believe. Now we believe that you are something than which nothing greater can be imagined."
"Then is there no such nature, since the fool has said in his heart: God is not? But certainly this same fool, when he hears this very thing that I am saying — something than which nothing greater can be imagined — understands what he hears; and what he understands is in his understanding, even if he does not understand that it is. For it is one thing for a thing to be in the understanding and another to understand that a thing is."
"For when a painter imagines beforehand what he is going to make, he has in his understanding what he has not yet made but he does not yet unde... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
Apologetics #3: Which God? Part 1 is part of the following course(s):