In this lesson, we will study the most rudimentary arguments for theologians – the existence of God. The myth that most scientists don’t believe in God or who see study of religion as a meaningless pursuit is just that – a myth! In fact, contrary to the claims of the modern atheists, most scientists do not necessarily see religion and science as always being in conflict.Preview This Lesson
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Saint Augustine of Hippo, an early named "Doctor of the Church" (354 – 458 A.D.) said "Wherever truth may be found, it belongs to the Lord." In modern English, this has often been restated "All Truth is God's Truth."
In the Summa Theologica of Saint Thomas Aquinas, nowhere else in theology is Saint Augustine's proposition more evident. Throughout his Summa, Saint Thomas cites Christian, Muslim, Hebrew, and Pagan sources including the Bible, Aristotle (whom he refers to as "the Philosopher"), Saint Augustine of Hippo, Avicenna, Averroes, Al-Ghazali, Boethius, John of Damascus, Paul the Apostle, Dionysius the Areopagite, Maimonides, Saint Anselm, Plato, Cicero, and Eriugena. Saint Thomas certainly believed in the proposition that "All Truth is God's Truth," borrowing arguments from a wide swath of Christian and non-Christian thought at that time extant.
Statue of Saint Thomas Aquinas
The Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas
Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274) has been named one of only 35 people designated to be a Doctor of the Church, an official title in the Roman Catholic Church that is bestowed by a Pope in recognition of the outstanding contribution that person has made to the development of Christian doctrine. It could be strongly argued that Saint Thomas is the Father of Modern Philosophical Thought. Saint Thomas also wrote many of the classical Catholic hymns still sung today during Masses and other Church celebrations.
If one tries to sum up Aquinas's philosophical quest in a single phrase, that phrase could be a "quest for God."
In the paragraph from Saint Aquinas's Summa Theologica quoted today, we start at the very beginning of evangelization: arguments for the existence of God. In this lesson, we will briefly consider the five proofs for the existence of God contained in Thomas's General Objections. It would be good to read through these explanations several times. Each provides good apologetic fodder in any discussion with a professing atheist or agnostic.
The Prime Mover
The "Prime Mover" argument goes like this: if something is moving, then something prior to that movement must have started the movement — a prior mover. If you see a basketball rolling down the sidewalk, you immediately look for a person that started that ball's rolling. The ball also could have started rolling because of a gust of wind. There could be many other causes for the ball's rolling, but you KNOW that there was some sort of prior movement to start the ball's rolling.
If the ball's rolling was caused by a gust of... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
Apologetics #2: The Existence of God is part of the following course(s):