There are two Judgments; the first of which is the personal judgment that each of us will have at the moment of our death. This judgment will determine our eternal destiny in either Heaven or Hell. And the second judgment is the Last (or Final) Judgment at the end of the world. This Judgment will not decide our own destiny; the sentence we have received from God will not be reversed at this Judgment. Rather, at this time, the souls of all peoples (in Heaven or Hell) will be reunited with their bodies.
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Day of Judgement by Memling, 1467 - 1471
Antiphon from the Requiem Mass that is sung by the choir as the body is being taken out of the church:
In paradisum deducant te Angeli; in tuo adventu suscipiant te martyres, et perducant te in civitatem sanctam Ierusalem. Chorus angelorum te suscipiat, et cum Lazaro quondam paupere æternam habeas requiem. (May the angels escort you into paradise; at your coming, may the martyrs receive you and bring you into the holy city, Jerusalem. May the chorus of angels receive you, and with Lazarus, once a poor man, may you have eternal rest.)
The holy Church solemnly teaches that there shall be two Judgments: the Private Judgment and the Final Judgment, which will occur at the End of Time.
The Last Judgment is also called General Judgment. This occurs at the very end of the world when our Blessed Lord comes again to Judge the living and dead (i.e. inde venturus est iudicare vivos et mortuos) as we profess in the Creed of our Faith. At that time, our Saviour will appear in the Heavens and He will judge everyone, both the living and dead. Now you may wonder, would He change His mind about whether we go to Heaven or Hell if He already passed Judgment on us at our Particular Judgment? No, He’ll say again where everyone is going, but this time it will be public. All of the good and bad that we did in our lives will be made clear to everyone.
And I saw the dead, great and small, standing in the presence of the throne, and the books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged by those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and hell gave up their dead that were in them; and they were judged every one according to their works. And hell and death were cast into the pool of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life, was cast into the pool of fire.
Book of Apocalypse (i.e. Revelations) 20:12-15
The Catholic Church teaches that at the time of the last judgment Christ will come in his glory, and all the angels with him, and in his presence the truth of each man's relationship with God will be laid bare, and each person who has ever lived will be judged with perfect justice. Those already in heaven will remain in heaven; those already in hell will remain in hell, and those in purgatory will be released into heaven. After the last judgment, the universe itself will be renewed with a new heaven and a new earth.
Catholics have always believed that Jesus Chri... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
Eschatology #2: Judgment is part of the following course(s):