In honor of Quinquagesima Sunday, which commemorates the final Sunday before the start of Lent, we will look at the Catechism as it concerns Mosesí intercessory prayer as well as manís response to Godís revelation. We will additionally summarize the upcoming fasting requirements Holy Mother Church will require of us, Her children.
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The Great Fast of Lent is nearly upon us. Traditionally, Catholics would fast for all forty days and observe many of them meatless. Nowadays, there is little devotion left in the hearts of the Faithful. Let us resolve to take upon ourselves extra days of fasting and penance for our own souls as well as for the salvation of others.
Dom Guéranger in this Liturgical Year writes:
We learn from this magnificent passage of the prophet Joel [the lesson from Mass on Ash Wednesday] how acceptable to God is the expiation of fasting. When the penitent sinner inflicts corporal penance upon himself, God's justice is appeased. We have a proof of it sin the Ninivites. If the Almighty pardoned an infidel city, as Ninive was, solely because its inhabitants sought for mercy under the garb of penance; what will He not do in favour of His own people, who offer Him twofold sacrifice, exterior works of mortification, and true contrition of heart? Let us, then, courageously enter on the path of penance. We are living in an age when, through want of faith and fear of God, those practices which are as ancient as Christianity itself , and on which we might almost say it was founded, are falling into disuse; it behooves us to be on our guard, lest we, too, should imbibe the false principles, which have so fearfully weakened the Christian spirit. Let us never forget our own personal debt to the divine justice, which will remit neither our sins nor the punishment due to them, except inasmuch as we are ready to make satisfaction. We have just been told that these bodies, which we are so inclined to pamper, are but dust; and as to our souls, which we are so often tempted to sacrifice by indulging the flesh, they have claims upon the body, claims of both restitution and obedience.
Similarly, we read from the Summa Theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas: II, 2, Q 147, Art 1
Fasting is practiced for a threefold purpose:
First, in order to bridle the lusts of the flesh, wherefore the Apostle says (2 Corinthians 6:5-6): "In fasting, in chastity," since fasting is the guardian of chastity. For, according to Jerome, "Venus is cold when Ceres and Bacchus are not there," that is to say, lust is cooled by abstinence in meat and drink.
Secondly, we have recourse to fasting in order that the mind may arise more freely to the contemplation of heavenly things: hence it is related (Daniel 10) of Daniel that he received a revelation from God after fasting for three weeks.
Thirdly, in order to satisfy for sins: wherefore it is written (Joel 2:12): "Be con... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
Quinquagesima Sunday is part of the following course(s):