In this 2nd Grade lesson, we learn of the necessity of matter and form for the Sacraments to be valid.
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Pasquale Cicogna Hearing Mass Celebrated in the Oratory of the Crociferi
by Jacopo d'Antonio Negretti, 1568
When you want to bake a cake you need the ingredients and an oven. First you mix together flour and sugar and a few more things. After it is mixed you put it in the oven. The heat makes the cake into something special. Without flour or sugar there would be no cake. And without an oven there would be no cake. The ingredients of a cake are like the Matter. The heat from the oven is like the Form.
Every time we receive the Sacraments, Jesus comes to us. Even though we don’t see Him, we see the Matter and we hear the Form of prayers the priest says.
In order for a Sacrament to give Grace it must have two things: Matter and Form.
“Matter” is like the flour and sugar. A Sacrament has something you can see and touch. These are the water, oil, bread, or wine. It can also be words that you say.
“Form” is like the heat from the oven. A Sacrament must include the words spoken by the priest.
In the Sacrament of Baptism:
The matter is the WATER. The water is poured over the head to baptize.
And the form is the words of the priest or baptizer which say, “I baptize you in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”
In the Sacrament of Confirmation there are two matters:
The Matter is when the bishop lays his hand on the head of the person while anointing their forehead with the Oil of Chrism.
The form is the words spoken by the bishop, “Be sealed with the Gift of the Holy Spirit.”
In the Sacrament of the Eucharist:
The matter is the bread made from wheat and wine made from grapes.
The form is the words of the Consecration spoken by the priest. These are the words Jesus said. First you’ll see Latin words and then English.
HOC EST ENIM CORPUS MEUM (Translation: For this is My body.)
HIC EST ENIM CALIX SANGUINIS MEI, NOVI ET AETERNI TESTAMENTI: MYSTERIUM FIDEI: QUI PRO VOBIS ET PRO MULTIS EFFUNDETUR IN REMISSIONEM PECCATORUM (Translations: For this is the chalice of My blood, of the new and eternal covenant. The mystery of faith, which shall be shed for you and for many for the remission of sins. )
In the Sacrament of Confession:
The matter is the sinner’s repentance of their sins, confessing them out loud to the priest, and then doing the penance that the priest says to do.
The form is the words of forgiveness. The priest says, “…and I absolve you from your sins in the Name of the... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
2nd Grade: Lesson 2: Sacraments: Matter and Form is part of the following course(s):
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