In this 5th Grade lesson, you study both the Theological and the Moral Virtues. You learn about faith, hope, and love, as well as prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude.
All CatechismClass Lessons follow our time-tested 7 Step format: Introduction, Opening Prayers, Scripture and Commentary, Catechism Passages, Integration of the Lesson Topic, an activity, and a closing prayer. Quizzes end each of the lessons.Preview This Lesson
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A virtue is the excellence or perfection of a thing. It is good habit, according to St. Augustine. Virtue comes from the word virtus, which means courage. It takes courage to live a life dedicated to choosing goodness and truth over sin.
There are two types of virtues. The Theological Virtues are faith, hope, and love. The Moral Virtues are prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance.
The Theological Virtues
In the Scripture section, St. Paul writes of the three Theological Virtues. He says, “So faith, hope, love abide, these three. But the greatest of these is love.”
The Baltimore Catechism question 106 says: “those graces or gifts of God by which we believe in Him, and hope in Him, and love Him, are called the divine virtues of Faith, Hope, and Charity.” This means that the three theological virtues are gifts. You do not merit these virtues, but they are a gift from God. God gives them to us to bring us closer to Him.
The first of the theological virtues is faith. Faith is first given to you at your Baptism. The Baltimore Catechism says in question 107: “faith is a divine virtue by which we firmly believe the truths which God has revealed.” Faith is a remarkable gift because without it you cannot be saved. You believe in God through the gift of faith. Faith is the belief of something unseen, yet known to be true. Examples of this are the Trinity, the Real Presence in the Holy Eucharist, or life after death.
The next theological virtue is hope. The Baltimore Catechism question 108 says: “hope is a divine virtue by which we firmly trust that God will give us eternal life and the means to obtain it.” Hope is not really optimism, like wanting a day off of school or a specific Christmas gift. The theological virtue of hope helps you to place your trust in God above all things. Hope helps you see that God is in control, even if something goes wrong in your life. It helps you rely on God’s grace and desire to be with Him in Heaven. The anchor is the symbol of hope. The anchor is a stronghold for mariners in times of storm to keep the ships safe and sturdy. So too the anchor as a symbol for Catholics reminds us we are firmly attached to God in times of difficulty. Hope navigates you home to Heaven.
The third theological virtue is love, or charity. C. S. Lewis wrote a book about the four words for love that come from Greek. Storge means the affection found in family or by t... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
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