In this 5th Grade lesson, you learn about the Capital Sins. You study pride, avarice, envy, anger, lust, gluttony, and sloth. You also look at categories of the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life.
All CatechismClass Lessons follow our time-tested 7 Step format: Introduction, Opening Prayers, Scripture and Commentary, Catechism Passages, Integration of the Lesson Topic, an activity, and a closing prayer. Quizzes end each of the lessons.Preview This Lesson
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A Knight Carrying the “Shield of the Trinity”
There are seven capital sins, also known as the “deadly” sins, or “cardinal” sins. These sins are called the capital sins because they are the sins in which all others are rooted.
First, sin harms your relationship with God. Sin is your own free choice to do something against God’s will. When Adam and Eve first sinned, we all became subject to Original Sin. Everyone is born with Original Sin. The Sacrament of Baptism must remove this. However, even when Original Sin is removed, concupiscence remains. Concupiscence means an inclination to sin. A sin is an act of free will committed against God’s commands.
Second, it is important to remember that there are two types of sin, venial and mortal. Mortal sins are grave acts, committed with full knowledge, and full consent of the will. Venial sins are less serious in nature, or lacking full knowledge or full consent of the will. Mortal sin separates you from God. Venial sin weakens your relationship with God. Both kinds of sin hinder your progress in virtue. Remember it is necessary to practice virtue to avoid the seven capital sins.
The Seven Capital Sins
Pride, Anger, Lust, Envy, Gluttony, Avarice, and Sloth
St. John the Apostle explains more about the source of these sins:
Do not love the world or the things in the world. If any one loves the world, love for the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the pride of life, is not of the Father but is of the world. And the world passes away, and the lust of it. But he who does the will of God abides forever.
1 John 2:15-17
The seven capital sins are also known as the seven deadly sins. They stem from temptations of the world, the flesh, and the devil. All the things of this world will pass away. Our true and lasting happiness can only be found in Heaven. Only the things of God will remain forever.
St. John’s Letter divides the cardinal sins into three categories. The first is the lust of the flesh: gluttony, lust, and sloth. The second is the lust of the eyes: avarice. The third is the pride of life: envy, anger, and pride.
The Lust of the Flesh
Human beings have both a body and a soul. Thus, you have both spiritual and bodily needs. Concupiscence often makes you tend toward more than you need. This is where sin may come in. The three sins in this section take good desires and change them int... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
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