In this 5th Grade lesson, you learn about the Sacrament of Extreme Unction, also called Anointing of the Sick. You will study how this Sacrament can either help a sick person get better and also prepare them to enter eternal life.
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Extreme Unction is given to those who are very sick or dying. This Sacrament gives special Graces to help give comfort, peace and courage to the sick person. If the sick person is not going to live, it helps them prepare for death to get to Heaven.
Jesus always showed great love and compassion for the sick and the dying. He healed the sick and gave sight to the blind. He helped the lame to walk and the deaf to hear. Christ taught His disciples to also heal the suffering in His Name.
Jesus gave us Extreme Unction to give us special Graces to endure sickness and death. There are several effects of Extreme Unction. This Sacrament gives strength to the sick person, that he may endure his sufferings. It also includes confession so the person’s sins may be absolved. Sometimes the person is even healed in body by this Sacrament. It unites the sick person to Christ in His Passion. He will not give us any suffering without the Grace to handle it.
The Baltimore Catechism teaches that this Sacrament has great power. Most importantly, it takes away sins from the penitent. This ensures that the dying person is in a state of Grace. Also, it helps the dying person not despair or give in to fear. It also strengthens the dying person that he may prepare for death. This Sacrament includes giving the sick person Holy Communion, which is called Viaticum. When the priest gives Extreme Unction, he hears the dying person’s confession. He also gives them Holy Communion. Sometimes a person may not be able to do either of these things. In this case, the priest absolves their sins. Sometimes he can give them a fraction of the Holy Eucharist on their tongue.
The Catholic Encyclopedia teaches that the Anointing of the Sick person is usually followed by the last blessing. This Apostolic blessing has a plenary indulgence attached to it. It is gained at the hour of death. The dying person must call on the Holy Name of Jesus. He must accept his sufferings in reparation of his sins. He must submit himself to the will of God. This is a beautiful gift of the Church to a dying person.
One formula the priest may pray is: “By the authority which the Apostolic See has given me, I grant you a full pardon and the remission of all your sins in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.” The priest gives this Apostolic blessing to the dying person that he may enter Heaven.
If someone in your family is very sick and may be in danger of death, you shoul... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
5th Grade: Lesson 15: Sacraments: Extreme Unction is part of the following course(s):