In this 5th Grade lesson, you learn about the necessity of matter and form for the Sacraments to be valid. You will study the matter and form of each of the seven Sacraments.
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The Mass of St. Gregory by Adriaen Isenbrant
Believing in the power of the Sacraments:
In the Old Testament, the Israelites saw signs that pointed to God’s presence. They heard the words of the prophets, like Moses, who shared knowledge of God. Even with all of this, they disobeyed and were sinful.
Man was in need of a Redeemer since the fall of Adam and Eve. God Himself came into the world by the mystery of the Incarnation. This means God became man in the womb of Our Lady. But, the Holy Family of Jesus, Mary and Joseph had to flee persecution. Jesus showed His divinity by working miracles and casting out demons. Yet, people still did not believe.
Jesus was tortured and crucified out of love for mankind to save us from sin and death. In the ultimate revelation of God’s power, Jesus rose from the dead and opened the gates of Heaven! This is His greatest triumph, and He left us permanent signs of His love and presence. He does this through His Sacraments, which are a great gift and treasure. We must increase our faith and show that we DO believe by receiving the Sacraments well.
Throughout history and in many places today, Catholics are persecuted, and the Sacraments are received in hiding. How fortunate we are to be able to go to Mass and receive the Holy Eucharist or confess our sins to a priest without fearing for our lives. We should always be grateful that we have such easy access to these treasures of our Lord.
Matter and form of the Sacraments:
The Sacraments are vehicles of grace, instituted by Christ and given to the Church, which gives us God’s life within us. All of the Sacraments give us Grace, and yet all of the Sacraments are very different. There are two parts to every Sacrament: the matter and the form. When we talk about ‘matter’ we are referring to the tangible (or touchable) sign for each Sacrament. When we speak about ‘form’ we are referring to the words that go along with the matter. Let us examine the matter and form of each of the Sacraments. The matter and form must be present to make the Sacraments valid.
In the Sacrament of Baptism, the matter is the water, which washes away sin. The form is the words: “I baptize you in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.” This is the Sacrament necessary to receive all the other Sacraments. Through Baptism we are received into the Catholic Church and we become Children of God.
In the Sacrament of Confirmation, ... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
5th Grade: Lesson 2: Sacraments: Matter and Form is part of the following course(s):