In this 4th Grade lesson, we examine the 8th Commandment. There is only one way to tell the truth but many ways to lie. We will learn about the many ways we lie and what each kind of lie does to God, ourselves, and our neighbor.
All CatechismClass Lessons follow our time-tested 7 Step format: Introduction, Opening Prayers, Scripture and Commentary, Catechism Passages, Integration of the Lesson Topic, an activity, and a closing prayer. Quizzes end each of the lessons.Preview This Lesson
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Saint Thomas More, Hans (the Younger) Holbein (1527)
God gives us His Truth. That makes Truth the most important thing we can have. It is also the most important thing we can give to others. When we tell the truth to others, we give them God!
Not telling the truth is called bearing false witness. Another word for this is lie. There are many ways to bear false witness, but all of them hurt God, our selves, and our neighbors. Let’s look at each of the ways to break the eighth Commandment.
Calumny is telling a lie to hurt someone. People often do this by spreading rumors.
Detraction is using the truth to hurt someone instead of a lie.
When someone tells you an embarrassing secret, they trust you not to tell anyone. If you decide to tell all your friends this secret, you are breaking the eighth Commandment. The person who’s secret you told is now used to tease and hurt this person.
Detraction is a greater sin than calumny because you are not using the truth as God does. He uses it to make people well. Detraction only hurts people.
Backbiting means to talk a lot about someone else’s faults. Faults are the bad habits people have. Some people may complain all the time. Others may get angry and yell when they should not. Everyone has faults, but it’s not good to always talk about them. If all you talk about is someone’s faults, it’s harder to see what is good about them. Our goodness is where we see God. If a person’s goodness is ignored, God is ignored too.
Making a rash judgment means to assume something without knowing for sure. If a marker in your desk is missing and you start yelling at the person sitting next to you for taking it, this is a rash judgment. You assumed that the person next to you took it, but you didn’t ask him first.
Gossip is a conversation that is like a big bowl. In this big bowl people put in calumny, detraction, backbiting, and rash judgment and mix it up. Everyone in the conversation takes a turn stirring what’s in the bowl. Everyone who gossips, and everyone who listens to gossip, breaks the eighth Commandment.
St. Thomas More is a saint who is a model for always telling the truth. Let’s read his story:
St. Thomas More was born in London in 1478. After a thorough grounding in religion and the classics, he entered Oxford to study law. Upon leaving the university he embarked on a legal career which took him to Parliamen... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
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