In this 4th Grade lesson, we study the 5th Commandment. God expects us to protect all human life. We will reflect on how we should protect the physical and spiritual health of all people, including our self.
All CatechismClass Lessons follow our time-tested 7 Step format: Introduction, Opening Prayers, Scripture and Commentary, Catechism Passages, Integration of the Lesson Topic, an activity, and a closing prayer. Quizzes end each of the lessons.Preview This Lesson
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The Holy Family, Andrea del Sarto (1514)
After Original Sin (disobeying God), the first sin was murder. Cain and Abel were brothers. They both gave God their hard work. God liked Abel’s, but not Cain’s. Cain was very angry. Because he was so angry, Cain killed Abel. God looked for Abel, and asked Cain where he was. Cain told God that it wasn’t his job to take care of Abel. God cursed Cain because Cain didn’t care about his brother’s life.
This story teaches us why we have the fifth Commandment: thou shall not kill. Human life is good and holy. Life is from God. If we take life, we are taking from God. There are two ways we can take life from someone. We can take life from their body, and from their soul. The fifth Commandment forbids us to do this. God wants us to protect life.
Protect the body
Most of us know that killing a person is very bad. We have laws against this. Those that break the law are punished. But this Commandment teaches us to protect our bodies from all hurt.
We should never hurt someone’s body. That means no hitting. No punching or kicking. No shoving. No throwing things at people. We should never do anything that will cause an injury or make someone cry in pain.
Accidents happen, especially in sports. If you accidentally hurt someone during sports, you aren’t breaking the fifth Commandment. It’s still very important that you say you are sorry and do what you can to help the person you hurt.
Protect the soul
Hurting someone’s soul is easy to do. When we make fun of someone or call him or her names, we hurt their soul. When we yell or ignore someone, we hurt his or her soul. Imagine a person’s soul. Every time you make fun of the soul, it shrinks a little. The more you hurt the soul, the smaller it gets. At some point the soul will be so small that it has no room for God. Without God, the soul will die.
The more we hurt the souls of other people the more it becomes a habit. It becomes a part of who we are. This makes our hearts hard, because we don’t care that we are hurting others. If we continue this habit, our hearts become a stone. God can’t enter a stone heart. We know what happens to a soul without God. That means that this habit kills twice: us, and those we hurt.
We can follow the fifth Commandment by being kind and gentle to every person. This means we must be kind and gentle to our selves, too. It’s not always easy to be kind and gentle. There ... Please purchase this lesson to continue learning.
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